Steel columns are designed under compression, tension or combined loading depending on the loading conditions.
After the analysis, appropriate controls are made and reported according to the internal force situation.
Design Members for Compression
There are 2 main types of buckling, local and global buckling, in the elements under compressive force.
Local buckling occurs when some part or parts of the cross-section of a column are very slender that they buckle locally in compression.
Limit values for the classification of cross-sections for the local buckling boundary condition are given in Regulation 5.4 and Table 5.1A for cross-sections under compression force.
Elements under the effect of compression may not function as an ideal compression element due to various reasons, although the bending moment does not occur as a result of these loads. The most important reasons are:
Global buckling is divided into 3 categories: Flexural buckling, Torsional buckling and Flexural-Torsional buckling.