# Minimum Flexural Strength of Columns.

For earthquake resistance moment frames, minimum flexural strength of columns are calculated automatically, according to

*Codes*.

**İnternational Design Codes**

* ACI 318-19 : *Minimum Flexural Strength of Columns

* TSC 2018 : *Conditions for Columns to be Stronger than Beams (Strong columns)

**Notation in ACI 318-19**

**A _{g }**

**=**gross area of concrete section, in

^{2}

*specified compressive strength of concrete, psi*

**f**_{c}^{'}_{ }=*specified yield strength for nonprestressed reinforcement, psi*

**f**_{y }=*nominal flexural strength at section, in.-lb*

**M**_{n }=*nominal flexural strength of beam including slab where in tension, framing into joint, in.-lb*

**M**_{nb }=*nominal flexural strength of column framing into joint, calculated for factored axial force, consistent with the direction of lateral forces considered, resulting in lowest flexural strength in.-lb*

**M**_{nc }=

**M**_{pr}**=**probable flexural strength of members, with or without axial load, determined using the properties of the member at joint faces assuming a tensile stress in the longitudinal bars of at leasts 1.25

*f*and a strength reduction factor

_{y}*ϕ*of 1.0, in.-lb

**P**_{u}**factored axial force; to be taken as positive for compression and negative for tension, lb**

_{ }=**ϕ**

*strength reduction factor*

**=**The columns of special moment frames are considered as part of the seismic-force resisting system. The subject of this title is to reduce the possibility of yielding in columns of special moment frames. Columns not stronger than beams increased likelihood of inelastic action. The worst possible case is when all columns in a given story have flexural yielding at both ends. In this case, it creates a column failure mechanism to cause collapse. In order to avoid this situation, the minimum flexural strength of colums control given in *Codes *should be satisfy.

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