In the analysis settings dialog, regulation options, load safety-related parameters, criteria covering the foundation and the overall structure are specified and changed. In the analysis settings dialog, all parameters have default values ​​and these values ​​are arranged with criteria in accordance with the regulation. It is appropriate to change these settings according to the build of your model. It is your responsibility to know the parameters in this dialog and choose the appropriate options for your model. It is recommended that you enter the values ​​in this dialog by using the Earthquake Regulation Wizard, but it is also possible to manipulate the values ​​manually.

Location of Analysis Settings Dialog

The analysis settings dialog opens automatically when you analyze for the first time.

Analysis Settings can be opened by clicking the Analysis Settings icon in the Analysis and Design menu of the Ribbon Menu.

General Tab

Specifications

Seismic code (concrete structures)

For concrete structures, it is selected which seismic code will be taken into account as TDY 2018 or TDY 2007 in analysis, design, drawing and controls.

Seismic forces calculation method (when TDY 2007 is selected)

Select one of the apply static lateral story forces calculated using modal combination or modal analysis method.

Seismic forces calculation method (when TDY 2018 is selected)

Select one of the methods of mode combination method usinh response spectrum and mode superposition method in time domain.

2018 TDY Wizard for Analysis Settings

It displays the analysis settings wizard where the parameters specific to TDBY 2018 are determined step by step. On the wizard screen, you can assign the earthquake ground motion level, site class, design spectra, building risk category, seismic design category, stories, building height class, performance level, structural system, slab type, diaphragm, ductility and R coefficient values ​​to be used.

4.8.5 Basement calculation method using modal analysis

Choose between separate analysis for basements or single modal analysis.

Slab diaphragma modeling method

Choose from semi or fully rigid diaphragm options.

Concentrate diaphragm masses at center of rigid diaphragm

It becomes effective when a full rigid diaphragm is selected. When marked, the total mass of the objects belonging to the rigid diaphragm in dynamic analysis is impacted at the center of gravity of the rigid diaphragm as point mass.

Use rigid diaphragm for vertical loads

It becomes effective when a full rigid diaphragm is selected. If this option is canceled, the structure is considered to be non-diaphragm during vertical calculation.

Consider seismic combination for slab design

It becomes effective when semi rigid diaphragm is selected. In the semi rigid diaphragm solution, slabs are solved together with the structure and therefore earthquake effects are also present in the slab elements. If this option is selected, the effects caused by earthquakes are also taken into account in the slab design. Combinations of earthquakes with vertical load combinations can also be effective in reinforcement design.

Consider in plane forces for slab design (TS EN 1992-1-1)

It becomes effective when semi rigid diaphragm is selected. When the option is selected, designs are made according to in plane tensile and pressure forces in all loading situations in slabs.

TDY Options Tab

Specifications

2018 TDY Wizard for Analysis Settings

It displays the analysis settings wizard where the parameters specific to TDBY 2018 are determined step by step. On the wizard screen, you can assign the earthquake ground motion level, site class, design spectra, building risk category, seismic design category, stories, building height class, performance level, structural system, slab type, diaphragm, ductility and R coefficient values ​​to be used.

At the end of the process, values ​​such as earthquake zone, ductility, strength excess coefficient etc. according to the parameters selected automatically change on this tab.

Building risk category (BRC)

Building risk category value is selected from the list according to the purpose of use of the building. It is one of the parameters selected in 2018 TDY wizard for analysis settings, and this row is automatically refreshed when the wizard is used

Additional eccentricity ratio

The eccentricity ratio to be used during the analysis is given as a percentage.

Load bearing system behavior coefficient (R) X

It is the load bearing system behavior coefficient value for the X direction. It is one of the parameters selected in 2018 TDY wizard for analysis settings, and this row is automatically refreshed when the wizard is used.

Load bearing system behavior coefficient (R) Y

It is the load bearing system behavior coefficient value for the Y direction. It is one of the parameters selected in 2018 TDY wizard for analysis settings, and this row is automatically refreshed when the wizard is used.

Use (4/5) R

In case the limit values ​​of the curtain overturning moments are not met, the box in the relevant direction is checked, instead of the entered R coefficient, (4/5) R is used in the analysis. The analysis must be repeated after the relevant box is marked.

Overstrength factor (D) X

It is the strength excess coefficient value for the X direction. It is one of the parameters selected in 2018 TDY wizard for analysis settings, and this row is automatically refreshed when the wizard is used

Overstrength factor (D) Y

It is the coefficient of strength excess for the Y direction. It is one of the parameters selected in 2018 TDY wizard for analysis settings, and this row is automatically refreshed when the wizard is used

Structural system

If the building block consists of only concrete elements, Concrete, if it consists of only steel elements, Steel + Concrete option is selected if it consists of concrete and steel elements. It is one of the parameters selected in 2018 TDY wizard for analysis settings, and this row is automatically refreshed when the wizard is used.

Ductility

If the building will be built with high ductility level, high, if the building design will be made with limited ductility level, limited, if the ductility level will be mixed, hybrid option is selected. It is one of the parameters selected in 2018 TDY wizard for analysis settings, and this row is automatically refreshed when the wizard is used

Seismic ground motion level

The option is marked according to the location of the building. It is one of the parameters selected in 2018 TDY wizard for analysis settings, and this row is automatically refreshed when the wizard is used.

Connection of non load bearing walls and facade elements to structural system

1st option is marked, if hollow or non-void infill walls and facade elements made of brittle material are completely adjacent to the frame members without any flexible joints or connections between them,

If flexible joints are made between infill walls made of brittle material and frame elements, the facade elements are connected to the outer frames with flexible connections, or the infill wall element is independent from the frame, option 2 is marked.

Relative story displacements are made according to the limit determined according to the given option.

Use cantilever and simple supported beams on joint shear safety control

This option is simple in the column-beam shear safety check and specifies whether cantilever beams should be taken with care. If marked, the column support of the beams whose one side is empty, the other side is sitting on the column or whose one side is on the beam and the other side is on the column is included in column-beam shear safety, if not marked, these elements are not put into control.

Apply ductile building articlesto rigid basements

It is the option that determines whether the ductility level conditions given within the scope of the regulation will be applied to the floors specified as rigid basement floors. If the option is selected, the substances in question are applied to the elements in the rigid basement floor. In cases where you do not want the materials to be applied in rigid basements, you can cancel the option.

Apply 4.3.2.4 to all system types with shearwalls

In case of failure to provide controls regarding the shear moments in buildings with DTS1, 1a, 2, 2a, R coefficient value (4/5) R takes the calculations.

Add secondary moments from shearwall axial forces to total Mdev calculation

If the option is selected, the shear forces of the beams that do not meet the tie beam adherence requirement are taken into consideration in the shearwall overturning moment control.

Response Spectrum Function Tab

The parameters used in the spectrum function can be determined with the 2018 TDY wizard for analysis settings, the parameters in this line are automatically refreshed when the wizard is used. Also, the parameters in the dialog can be changed.

The spectrum curve is determined according to the selected soil class. You can enter the short-period map spectral acceleration coefficient Ss required for the spectrum curve and the map spectral acceleration coefficient S1 for a 1-second period yourself or you can read it online from the AFAD map.

Specifications

Get Parameters from AFAD Map

When the button is pressed to read parameters from the AFAD Map, the program runs a 3-step wizard. In the wizard, the interface to select a point from the map for earthquake ground motion level, ground class and design spectrum is displayed. The parameters are read automatically when the wizard is terminated.

Soil type

Soil type that determine the spectrum curve are determined according to the ground on which the building is located. The spectrum curve is renewed according to the selected soil type. It is one of the parameters selected in 2018 TDY wizard for analysis settings, and this row is automatically refreshed when the wizard is used.

Custom

It is used to define any curve other than the spectrum curve determined according to the soil type in the earthquake code.

You can mark this line and click the Define button to make the definition you want.

Lambda coeff.

The Lambda coefficient, which is calculated automatically depending on the earthquake parameters DD2 and DD3 and used in limiting the relative floor displacements, is shown in this line for information purposes.

Staged Construction Tab

Specifications

Use nonlinear staged construction

Activates the progressive construction calculation for the model whose data is entered.

Story count in single stage

In this option, the number of story to be considered in single stage is entered.

For example, if we give this value 1 for a 10-storey building:

For the stage where self and self weights exist, the number of steps = 1st story, 2nd story, 3rd story ..... 8th story, 9th story, 10th story (10th stage); loading in 10 total steps.

Loading at the 10th stage for the stage where wall and coating loads exist ...

The stage where there are moving loads, loading at the 10th stage ...

For example, if we give this value 2 for a 10-storey building:

For the stage where self and self weights exist = 1st and 2nd story (1st stage), 3rd and 4th (2nd stage), 5th and 6th (3rd stage), 7 and 8th story (4th stage). stage), 9th and 10th story (5th stage); loading in 5 steps in total.

It is the 5th stage loading for the stage where wall and cladding loads exist.

The stage in which there are live loads is loading in the 5th stage.

Story construction duration

If the construction times of the stories are the same, the construction (construction) time of the story is entered in days in this line. For example, if you give 10 days in a 10-story building, it means that each story will be built in 10 days. It means that the construction period of all stories will be from 10 days to 100 days. If the construction times of the stories will be different, the "Use different construction durations for stories" option on the bottom line is checked.

First story loading time (t0)

Time is given to start the second story construction.

Use different constructiondurations for stories

When marked, the construction times of each floor are given in days. If the construction times of the floors will be the same, you can use the "Stage construction time" line above instead of marking this line.

Time dependence of concrete (CEB-FIB 90 method)

The time dependent of concrete are options that make it stand out.

Time dependent modulus of elasticity

Check this option to take into account the effects caused by the change in the modulus of elasticity of the concrete during construction.

Creep effects

Check this option to take into account the effects of strain during construction.

Shrinkage effects

Check this option to consider impacts from shrinkage during construction.

Cement type coefficient

It is the cement type coefficient value used when calculating the strength of concrete over time.

Relative Humidity (RH) %

Give the percentage of humidity of the environment where the building is located.

Shrinkage coefficient (Bsc)

Bsc is given, which is a coefficient depending on the type of cement.

Shrinking start age

Give the expected time for the concrete to harden.

Superposed dead loads (wall, coating, etc.) application duration

In this row, give the time that will pass for the phase where wall and pavement loads exist.

1. The stage where self and self weights exist; The number of floors in the stage determines the number of account steps.

2. The stage where wall and pavement loads exist; After all floors have been built, the next calculation step is the phase where wall and pavement loads exist.

3. The phase in which moving loads exist; Ultimately, the last stage is the stage in which live loads will exist, and this stage is the final calculation step.

Apply moving loads in the final stage

  1. The stage where self and self weights exist; The number of floors in the stage determines the number of account steps.

  2. The stage where wall and cladding loads exist; After all floors have been built, the next calculation step is the phase where wall and pavement loads exist.

  3. The stage in which moving loads exist; Ultimately, the last stage is the stage in which live loads will exist, and this stage is the final calculation step.

This option determines whether the 3rd stage will be done or not.

Live load factor

Live load coefficient to be applied in the phase of live loads is given.

Live loads application duration

In this line, the time to pass for the phase in which the live loads exist is given.

Cracked concrete for time effects

Select the appropriate option for stiffness reduction. If no rigidity reduction is selected, no rigidity reduction is made. If reduce modulus of elasticity is selected, the stiffness reduction is applied by reducing the modulus of elasticity. If the reduce moment of inertia is selected, the stiffness reduction is applied by reducing the inertia modulus.

Thermal Loading Tab

Specifications

Use single temperature difference for whole structure

This option is checked to take into account the same temperature difference for the whole building.

Temperature difference (T1)

The temperature difference value that will be taken as basis in T1 temperature loading is given.

Temperature difference (T2)

The temperature difference value to be taken as basis in T2 temperature loading is given.

Use temperature differences for stories

This row is clicked to take into account the temperature differences for each floor separately and the T1 and T2 loading temperature values ​​are given for each floor in T1 and 2 columns.

Stiffness reduction factors for thermal loads (T1, T2)

In the temperature calculation, reduction factors that determine the stiffness of the cracked element are entered. Separate values ​​can be given for beams, columns, walls and floors.

Modify modulus of elasticity

If marked, the reduction coefficient given on the side is multiplied by the modulus of elasticity of the element.

Ecr = x.Ec

Ec = Element elasticity module

x = Reduction factor

Knows Icr = elasticity modulus of the cracked element

Modify moment of inertia

If marked, the reduction coefficient given on the side is multiplied by the element's moment of inertia.

Icr = x.Ic

Ic = Element moment of inertia

x = Reduction factor

Icr = Cracked section moment of inertia

Wind Loads Tab

Specifications

Generate wind loads for sheetings (TS498)

If this option is selected, it is calculated according to the principles given in article 11 of TS498 and is affected by the structure depending on the steel coating surfaces. Below, give the structure type, normal or tower type structure.

Normal type building

For the calculation of wind load affecting the coatings, the wind load is calculated depending on the type of structure determined according to the height limit specified in the regulations. Check this option if your building type is the normal building type.

Tower type building

For the calculation of wind load affecting the coatings, the wind load is calculated depending on the type of structure determined according to the height limit specified in the regulations. Check this option if your building type is the normal building type.

Generate wind loads for open structure (TS EN 1991-1-4)

Terrain category

It is the category selected in Table 4.1 in accordance with the conditions specified in Article 4.3.2 of TS EN 1991-1-4.

Turbulence factor (k1)

It is the k1 coefficient entered in accordance with article 4.4 of TS EN 1991-1-4.

Orography factor c0(z)

It is the orography coefficient specified in TS EN 1991-1-4 article 4.3.3.

Air density (rho)

It is the air density value specified in TS EN 1991-1-4 article 4.5.

Structural factor cs

It is the structural coefficient value specified in TS EN 1991-1-4 Section 6.

Structural factor cd

It is the structural coefficient value specified in TS EN 1991-1-4 Section 6.

Apply lateral wind loads to diaphragms

For steel and reinforced concrete structures, it allows the wind loads to be calculated by the user in systems with rigid diaphragms and to affect the rigid diaphragm in the model.

Story

These are the story numbers and names of the stories where rigid diaphragms are located.

Wind X

It is the wind force acting on the rigid diaphragm in the X direction.

Wind Y

It is the wind force acting on the rigid diaphragm in the Y direction.

Foundation Tab

Specifications

Solid unit weight

Soil unit weight is entered.

Some values ​​that can be used according to the floor type:

Clay = 2.10 t / m3
Garden soil = 1.70 t / m3 For
sand gravel (moist) = 1.80 t / m3 For
sand gravel (wet) = 2.0 t / m3
Eroded edged flood = 1.90 t / m3
Sharp edged crushed stone = 1.80 t / m3 values ​​can be entered.

Coeff. of subgrade reaction

Subgrade reaction coefficient value is entered.

Average bedding coefficient (Ko t / m3) values ​​according to the soil type are as follows:

Slime; peat Ko <200

Clay plastic Ko = 500 ~ 1000

Clay, semi-hard Ko = 1000 ~ 1500

Clay hard Ko = 1500 ~ 3000

Stuffed soil Ko = 1000 ~ 2000

Sand, loose Co = 1000 ~ 2000;

Sand, medium coarse Co = 2000 ~ 5000

Sand, tight Ko = 5000 ~ 10000

Sand-gravel, tight Co = 10000 ~ 15000

Robust shale Co> 50000

Kaya Ko> 200000

Bearing capacity of foundation (qt)

Basic bearing strength is given by design strength. It is determined according to the soil report.

Check ground safety of foundations according to average pressure

If it is marked, it is checked whether the ground stresses from all loads are averaged and whether it is less than the ground carrying power.

Use EQ loads in foundation ground safety check

As a result of the foundation analysis, it is marked if it is desired to take earthquake effects into consideration in the foundation bearing capacity control. In this case, all earthquake combinations are also considered in the ground bearing power control.

Do negative base pressure check for foundations

As a result of the foundation analysis, negative soil stresses may occur. If this option is checked, if there is a fundamental negative stress, the program will give a message of negativity at the end of the calculation.

Check ground safety of raft foundations according to average pressure

If it is marked, ground bearing strength is checked by taking the average of the ground stresses of all loads in raft floors.

Use seismic loads in beamless raft foundation gound safety check

In the non-beam radius, it is marked if it is desired to take earthquake effects into consideration in soil bearing capacity control as a result of the foundation analysis. In this case, earthquake combinations are also taken into account in ground safety control.

Do negative base pressure check for raft foundations

As a result of the foundation analysis, negative soil stresses may occur. If this option is checked, if there is a fundamental negative stress, the program will give a message of negativity at the end of the calculation.

Include foundations in upper structure

If marked, raft and continuous foundation systems are solved interactively with the superstructure. The extreme forces caused by foundation collapses are taken into account in the superstructure. If not checked, the superstructure and foundation are solved separately.

Use pseydo coupled winkler springs for raft foundation

Check this option to use the winkler spring method.

The values ​​of length and spring factors given in the dialog are suitable for the winkler method. However, you can change it if necessary. Give the length ratios to determine the size of the areas, and the B region and C factors as a ratio to the A region arc values. The program will automatically adjust these values ​​to equal the average Ko bed coefficient.

Raft foundation - upper structure interaction

Column - determines the area where the curtain load will be distributed. Vertical element raft connection is provided with rigid elements. The vertical element and basic connection area change according to the option specified in this section.

With the direct connection, the load is given to an area equal to the column curtain width.

Load distribution is made in an area equal to the ratio given by enlarge the connection area. Area = rate * h

Thickness multiplier for shell elements under the column and curtain: Calculations are made by multiplying the finite element thicknesses under the columns and walls with the value entered in the box.

Load-Safety Tab

Specifications

Dead load factor

The value determining how much the dead loads will be increased is entered.

Live load factor

The value determining how much the live loads will be increased is entered.

Wall unit weight for Ak calculations

The required wall unit weight is entered for the calculation of the Ak value used in determining the strength irregularity between neighboring floors.

Use same Ak as upper story on bottom story

If the option is selected, the Ak value of the bottom story will be taken the same as the upper story. If you do not want the Ak value to be taken as the same as the upper floor, you can define the Ak value yourself in the "Story parameters" dialog under the "Analysis" menu.

Allowable reinforcement tolerance (%)

It is the percentage that determines how much less the selected reinforcement can be selected while selecting the reinforcement. For example, if a 2% tolerance is entered for a section that requires 100 cm2 reinforcement, it means that the reinforcement can be selected as 98 cm2. Tolerance can be at most 5%.

Allowavle section tolerance (%)

It determines the tolerance of the section examination while performing the section examination. For example, in the shear force control in beams, there is an upper limit of 100 tons. Let the beam shear force be 102 tons. An error message will be issued when the section tolerance is zero. For example, if 3% tolerance is entered in this line, the shear force will be 102-102 * 0.03 = 98.94 tons, in this case the program will not give the message of insufficient cross section since the upper limit of the beam is 100 tons.

Apply moment redistribution

If checked, the redistribution agent is applied to the system after the system has been decoded in the program. It is not applied if it is not checked.

Apply TS498 live load reduction

If checked, Live Load Reduction conditions are applied in the program. According to the relevant article; In the calculation of structural elements bearing loads of at least more than three times, it is possible to reduce the result within certain bases by adding each story live load. The amount of reduction or, depending on it, the reduction values ​​are tabulated separately for different, light industrial buildings, workshops, warehouses and residental, commercial or office buildings. The relevant option is marked according to the intended use of the building.

% decrement value:

a) From 20% to 80% in residental, commercial or office buildings.

b) It is applied from 10% to 40% in light industrial buildings, workshops and warehouses.

Soft story determination criterion

The limit value used in soft story control changes according to the selected option.

Strengthening Options Tab

It is the tab that determines the performance analysis options.

Specifications

Use beam table sections

If it is marked, the section of the beam in performance analysis is taken into account as a table section and the reinforcements of the slab in the table are added to the existing reinforcement areas of the beams. If it is not marked, the cross section of the beam is accepted as rectangular section and the reinforcements of the slab in the tray are not included in the existing reinforcement areas of the beams.

Use crossties for Vr calculation

If marked, the crossties in the column in the performance analysis are added to the column stirrup and taken into account in the column Vr calculation. If not checked, it will not be taken.

Building information level

The information level of the building is selected according to the conditions defined in the heading of Collecting Information from Buildings. Knowledge level coefficients by choice; Limited = 0.75 and Comprehensive = 1.00.

Override beam reinforcement percentages

If the option is selected, the beam capacity moments in performance analysis are calculated by taking into account the given percentage values. The upper section refers to the upper region, and the lower to the lower region of the section.

Override column reinforcement percentages

If the option is selected, column capacity moments in performance analysis are calculated by taking into account the given percentage values.

Override shearwall reinforcement percentages

If the option is selected, curtain capacity moments in performance analysis are calculated by taking into account the given values.

Reinforcement realization ratio

If the reinforcement realization coefficient is entered, the existing reinforcement areas (whether the reinforcement is entered in the reinforced concrete dialog or calculated according to the defined pursuit) are multiplied by these coefficients and the capacity calculations are made according to these values. The transverse and longitudinal reinforcement coefficients can be given separately for beams, columns and walls.

Use vertical seismic effects

If checked, the combination of vertical earthquake effects (0.30Ez) is also included in the combination of current fixed, live loads and horizontal earthquake effects when creating loading combinations in the performance analysis.

Use secondary seismic direction

If it is marked, the horizontal earthquake effects in the other direction perpendicular to the earthquake direction taken into account while creating the combinations in the performance analysis are multiplied by 0.3 coefficient and added to the combination.

Use live load factor

If checked, live load multiplier in performance analysis is taken as the values ​​entered in the HYK column in the floor general settings. If not checked, moving load multiplier is set to 1.

Other Tab

Specifications

Check project consistency before report generation

If it is desired to list the conformity conditions in terms of regulations while receiving the report, it is marked. If the option is not selected, the program will not notify the project designer at the beginning of the report.

Object naming

How element naming will be selected. The option selected in this section and the story index entered in the story parameters are used together. For example, let the story index entered in story parameters be 1. Let K101 option be ticked as naming. S1 name will be considered as S101. If no index was entered in the story general parameters, it would be S01. If the K1001 option is selected in the naming, the name S1 will be considered as S1001. If the index was not entered in the general parameters of the story, this naming would be S001.

Structural material naming

How the naming of the reinforcement material to be seen in the reports is selected.

Slab analysis and concrete design

When marked, the program automatically performs the analysis and reinforcement of the beamless slabs and toothed floors in the system during the analysis. However, it is not compulsory to perform slab analysis and reinforced concrete for frame design. If the shortness of the analysis time is important, you can do the slab analysis later with the slab analysis button.

Foundation analysis and concrete design

When marked, the program also analyzes all foundations in the system during analysis. Fundamental analysis is not required for framework design unless you are doing building foundation interactive analysis. If the shortness of the analysis time is important, you can also do the fundamental analysis with the fundamental analysis button at the end.

Environmental exposure class

Environmental exposure class is selected from the list according to TS EN 206, schedule 1. Information arranged according to the selected class is indicated on the letterheads given in the drawing details.