Minimum diameter of tie bar is controlled automatically according to 126.96.36.199.
Minimum and maximum clear spacing of ties are controlled according to 188.8.131.52.
Minimum clear spacing of spirals are controlled according to 184.108.40.206.
Minimum diameter of spiral is controlled automatically according to 220.127.116.11.
The volumetric spiral reinforcement ratio ρs is controlled according to eq. 18.104.22.168.
db = nominal diameter of bar, wire, or prestressing strand, in
Ach = cross-sectional area of a member measured to the outside edges of transverse reinforcement, in.2
f'c = specified comprehensive strength of concrete, psi
fyt = specified yield strength of transverse reinforcement, psi
Ag = gross area of concrete section, in.2 For a hollow section, Ag is the area of the concrete only and does not include the area of the void(s)
ρs = ratio of volume of spiral reinforcement to total of core confined by the sprial, measured out-to-out of spirals
Ties, applies closed loop of deformed bar, satisfies the rules:
Center-to-center spacing does not exceed the least of 16db of longitudinal bar, 48db of tie bar and smallest dimension of member
Minimum diameter of tie bar is controlled automatically according to ACI 22.214.171.124. Diameter of tie bar is at least:
No. 3 enclosing No. 10 or smaller longitudinal bars
No. 4 enclosing No.11 or larger longitudinal bars or bundled longitudinal bars
According to ACI 126.96.36.199 Rectilinear ties are arranged to satisfy (a) and (b):
(a) Every corner and alternate longitudinal bar have lateral support provided by the corner of a tie with an included angle of not more than 135 degrees
(b) No unsupported bar is farther than 6 in. clear on each side along the tie from a laterally supported bar
Anchorage of individual circular ties are controlled according to ACI 188.8.131.52.1.
(a) Ends overlap by at least 6 in.
(b) Ends terminate with standard hooks in accordance with ACI 25.3.2 that engage a longitudinal bar
(c) Overlaps at ends of adjacent circular ties are staggered around the perimeter enclosing the longitudinal bars
Minimum clear spacing of spirals are satisfied:
At least the greater of 1 in.
Not greater than 3 in.
Minimum diameter of spiral bar or wire is at least 3/8 in. for cast-in-place construction.
The volumetric spiral reinforcement ratio ρs is controlled according to ACI Eq.184.108.40.206, this condition isn’t apply for transverse reinforcement in deep foundations.
Note: the value of fyt is not taken greater than 100,000 psi. Spirals are anchored by 1-1/2 extra turns each end.
Spirals' lap splices in accordance with 220.127.116.11 for fyt not exceeding 60,000 psi. Spiral lap splices are at least the greater of 12 in. and the lap length in Table 18.104.22.168.
Hoops consist of a closed tie or continuously wound tie, which can consist of several reinforcement elements each having seismic hooks at both ends.
The ends of the reinforcement elements in hoops are anchored using seismic hooks that conform to ACI 25.3.4 and engage a longitudinal bar.