• In building load-bearing systems, the Strength Excess Coefficient D is calculated automatically in all elements at appropriate internal forces.


The Strength Excess Coefficient D is applied differently for each element. Application D is explained in detail in the following titles for reinforced concrete elements.

Design of Columns

Design of Beams

Design of Shearwalls

Design of Polygon Shearwall

Design of Plates

Design of Foundation Beams

The cases where Strength Excess Coefficient D is applied can be seen in the design strength report of all elements. In the sample column report below, it is clearly seen at what forces the Strength Excess Coefficient D is applied.